Tilted, slanted or tipped: What it actually means to have a retroverted uterus
A tilted uterus is more common than you might have thought
TL/DR: One in five people with vaginas have what’s known as a tilted, or retroverted, uterus. Instead of pointing forward toward the belly button, a retroverted uterus points in the opposite direction, towards the lower back.
All kinds of images come to mind when you hear the words ‘tilted,’ ‘slanted,’ or ‘tipped’: A spilled drink, perhaps a bookshelf that was installed incorrectly, or maybe an off-center picture frame? No big deal, right? When used to describe the uterus, however, those three words can lead to panic – especially if they’ve been spoken to you by a medical professional.
Well, we’re here to tell you not to panic: A tilted, a.k.a. retroverted, uterus is a common anatomical anomaly (how’s that for a tongue twister?) that’s seen in approximately one in five individuals assigned female at birth.1
Typically, the uterus points forward toward the belly button. When the uterus is retroverted, it points backwards and down towards the lower back, instead.2 A tilted or retroverted uterus doesn’t always cause symptoms. For those who do experience symptoms, they’re usually easy enough to manage with simple lifestyle changes.
Here’s the lowdown on retroverted uteruses:
Signs & symptoms of a retroverted uterus
Only some individuals with a retroverted uterus experience symptoms. They may include:
- Vaginal, pelvic, or lower back pain during intercourse,
- Painful periods, a.k.a. Dysmenorrhea is the technical term for painful periods. There are two types of dysmenorrhea: primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea refers to severe pain caused by uterine cramps, whereas secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by a disorder in the reproductive system.,
- Slight urinary incontinence, and
- Feeling of pressure on the bladder.3
If you’re noticing any of these signs or symptoms, make sure to talk to your doctor or OB-GYN. If you’re diagnosed with a retroverted uterus, it’s no big deal – your doctor will be able to offer recommendations on managing any discomfort. However, it’s important to rule out other potential causes for painful periods, urinary issues, or pain during sex.
What causes a retroverted uterus?
Some individuals are born with a retroverted uterus – in these cases, it’s just a roll of the genetic dice. Others may experience retroversion of the uterus after menopause or following childbirth due to loosening of the ligaments that hold the uterus upright.
In some cases, scar tissue from conditions or procedures affecting the uterus and pelvis can pull the uterus backward, leading to retroversion. These could include endometriosis, pelvic surgeries, fibroids, tumors, and/or infections of the uterus or fallopian tubes.1
In addition, pregnancy itself can lead to uterine retroversion: It’s normal for your uterus to change position intermittently throughout gestation, and a retroverted uterus is seen in 10-20% of pregnancies during the first trimester.4 Keep in mind that retroversion during pregnancy is usually temporary and only very rarely causes problems.
How is a retroverted uterus diagnosed?
Your doctor or OB-GYN will request a transvaginal ultrasound in order to diagnose a retroverted or tilted uterus.5 During the ultrasound, your doctor or a technician will insert a want into your vaginal canal. In order to obtain a clear view of your uterus, your bladder needs to be emptied before the procedure. The ultrasound only takes a couple of minutes and you’ll likely find out the results right away.
Sex, pregnancy & fertility with a retroverted uterus
In the past, doctors thought that a tilted uterus might lead to infertility, but it turns out that sperm can navigate fertile uterine roads of all shapes and sizes. Recent studies have shown that a tilted or retroverted uterus doesn’t have any impact on fertility.6
However: In less common cases, scar tissue from conditions like endometriosis, infections, or prior surgeries can cause a sharp tilt in the uterus, which may make it more challenging for sperm to reach and fertilize an egg.6 If you have any concerns about your ability to conceive, talk to your OB-GYN.
In terms of your sex life, a retroverted uterus may not create any problems whatsoever. As mentioned earlier, not everyone with a tilted uterus experiences symptoms. For those who do notice pain or discomfort during intercourse, try experimenting with new positions until you find what works for your body.
Why do some people with tilted uteruses deal with painful sex while others don’t? It’s because every “tilt” is different. A tipped or tilted uterus may change the angle at which the vagina meets the cervix, as well as the orientation of the pelvic floor muscles7 – or it may not. For some, positions in which the pelvic floor muscles are getting a ton of repeated pressure don’t feel so great.
How a retroverted uterus could impact your period
To find out how a tilted uterus could affect your period, we turned to Dr. Jane van Dis, a board certified OB-GYN with 13 years of experience.
“Individuals who have a retroverted uterus often complain of more painful periods,” she explains. “Some might find Flex Discs more comfortable [than other menstrual products] because the Disc sits at the top of the vagina — the widest portion of the vagina — thus limiting the amount of pressure on vaginal walls.” Since the orientation of your pelvic floor muscles might differ with a retroverted uterus, less vaginal pressure usually = less discomfort.
It’s true: Dysmenorrhea is the technical term for painful periods. There are two types of dysmenorrhea: primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea refers to severe pain caused by uterine cramps, whereas secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by a disorder in the reproductive system. (intense period pain) is more common in those with a retroverted uterus.1 It’s thought that the body has to cramp a little bit harder to push out menstrual blood – and that the angle of retroversion may, to an extent, dictate just how much pain is experienced. One study found that higher period pain intensity was associated with more extreme angles of uterine flexion (i.e. tilt), regardless of whether that tilt was pointed forwards or backwards.9
If you’re experiencing severely painful periods, don’t immediately jump to conclusions and assume you have a retroverted uterus. Dysmenorrhea is the technical term for painful periods. There are two types of dysmenorrhea: primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea refers to severe pain caused by uterine cramps, whereas secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by a disorder in the reproductive system. has many possible causes: Talk to your doctor or OB-GYN to rule out other conditions.
One in five people have a tilted uterus: It’s totally common and isn’t considered a medical problem. Some people don’t feel any symptoms, while others experience more painful periods, bladder pressure or discomfort, and/or pain during sex. And, for some, a retroverted uterus can also make tampons pretty uncomfortable.
If you’ve been diagnosed with a retroverted uterus and you’re looking for ways to manage your symptoms, work with your physician, first. There are a number of groups and forums online dedicated to discussing tilted uteruses that may be helpful, as well. Talk to your partner about finding sex positions that are comfortable and pleasurable for both of you and experiment with different menstrual products.
At the end of the day, the most important thing to remember is to listen to your body. If you’re experiencing pain, don’t ignore it – seek professional advice ASAP.